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J-NSE

Neutron spin-echo spectrometer

J-NSE scheme J-NSE scheme

The neutron spin echo technique uses the neutron spin as an indicator of the individual velocity change the neutron suffered when scattered by the sample. Due to this trick the instrument accepts a broad wavelength band and at the same time is sensitive to velocity changes down to 10-5. However the information carried by the spins can only be retrieved as the modulo of any integer number of spin precessions as intensity modulation proportional to the cosine of a precession angle difference. The measured signal is the cosine transform S(Q,τ) of the scattering function S(Q,ω). All spin manipulations only serve to establish this special type of velocity analysis. For details see “Neutron Spin Echo”, ed. F. Mezei, Lecture Notes in Physics, Vol. 128, Springer Verlag, Heidelberg, 1980.

Due to the intrinsic Fourier transform property of the NSE instrument it is especially suited for the investigation of relaxation-type motions that contribute at least several percent to the entire scattering intensity at the momentum transfer of interest. In those cases the Fourier transform property yields the desired relaxation function directly without numerical transformation and tedious resolution deconvolution. The resolution of the NSE may be corrected by a simple division.

For a given wavelength the Fourier time range is limited to short times (about 2 ps for the FRM II-setup) by spin depolarization due to vanishing guide field and to long times by the maximum achievable field integral J. The time is proportional to J × λ3. The J-NSE may achieve a J = 0.5 Tm corresponding to τ = 48 ns at λ = 8 Å.

The instrument itself consists mainly of two large water-cooled copper solenoids that generate the precession field. The precession tracks are limited by the π/2-flippers and the π-flipper near the sample position. The embedding fields for the flippers are generated by Helmholtz-type coil pairs around the flipper locations. After leaving the last flipper the neutrons enter an analyzer containing 60 (30 × 30 cm2) CoTi supermirrors located in a solenoid set. These mirrors reflect only neutrons of one spin direction into the multidetector. By the addition of compensating loops the main coils and the analyzer coil are designed such that the mutual influence of the different spectrometer components is minimized.

Typical Applications

The spin echo spectrometer NSE is especially suited for the investigation of slow (~ 1 – 100 ns) relaxation processes. Typical problems from the fields of “soft matter” and glass transition are:

  • Thermal fluctuations of surfactant membranes in microemulsions
  • Polymer chain dynamics in melts
  • Thermally activated domain motion in proteins, which is an important key for understanding the protein function.
Sample Experiment

The intermediate scattering function S(q,τ) of a bicontinuous microemulsion is shown in figure 1, where one probes the thermal fluctuations of the surfactant membrane at different q values. The inset shows an echo group obtained in the direct beam at λ = 5 Å and a Fourier time of τ = 0.24 ns. The maximum amplitude of the oscillation compared to the average contains the desired information on the time dependence of S(Q,τ). The residual intensity at the minimum is caused by the imperfection of the polarizes, general background and – rather for higher τ’s – by magnetic path integral in homogeneities.

Technical Data

Main parameters

  • Polarized neutron flux at sample position
    • 7 Å: 1 · 107 n cm2 s-1
    • 12 Å: 6.8 · 105 n cm2 s-1
  • Momentum transfer range: 0.02 – 1.5 Å-1
  • Fourier time range: 2 ps (4.5 Å) < τ < 350 ns (16 Å)
  • Max. field integral: 0.5 Tm

Primary beam

  • Neutron guide NL2a
  • Polarisation:
  • Short wavelength by bent section with FeSi M = 3 remanent supermirror coating
  • Long wavelength by FeSi polariser at entrance of the spectrometer
  • Cross section of guide: 6 cm × 6 cm
  • max. sample size: 3 cm × 3 cm
  • Collimation: By source and sample size or wire collimators 0.5° × 0.5°

Analyzer

30 cm × 30 cm CoTi supermirror venetian blind

Detector

  • 32 × 32 1 cm² cells 3He multidetector

Instrument Scientists

Dr. Olaf Holderer
Phone: +49.(0)89.289.10707
E-Mail:

Dr. Oxana Ivanova
Phone: +49.(0)89.289.10730
E-Mail:

J-NSE
Phone: +49.(0)89.289.14903

Operated by

JCNS

Gallery

Figure1
Figure1

Intermediate scattering function S(q,τ) of a bicontinuous microemulsion.

J-NSE
J-NSE

MLZ is a cooperation between:

Technische Universität München> Technische Universität MünchenHelmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht> Helmholtz-Zentrum GeesthachtForschungszentrum Jülich> Forschungszentrum Jülich